Since its inception, democracy has always been difficult to administer and some people have capitalized on the loopholes it has to bring about conflict. However, this doesn’t mean that democracy is a source of conflicts since it has its own pros. Conflicts in many democracies have been brought about by a complex web of needs that are inter-connected to each other and grievances that have not been addressed for ages. In countries like Syria, the situation has escalated into conflicts between tribes and wars between the government and some sections of the population.
When it comes down to conflicts in democracies, there are a couple of things that contribute majorly. The major sources which causes conflicts include economic, political and military factors. In politics, conflict occurs when people think the existing government is denying a section of population some rights or distributing the available resources unequally. When citizens blame the government which misuses the available scarce resources for personal gain, this can sometime lead to conflict between the two parties.
In most cases, conflicts originate from two or more ethnic tribes and escalates to the national level. This perpetual spread is brought about by ethnic affiliations, tribal affiliations, and those who feel they are also suffering the same fate as the oppressed tribe. The biggest tribes, on the other hand, will always feel like they deserve more than the other tribes when it comes to resource allocation. Whenever there is a sense than one tribe is benefitting a lot than the other, conflicts will arise.
The government can also be accused of distributing resources in an unequal way. As a result, there is formation of rebel groups and other factors that eventually cause conflicts. At present, some of the wealthiest oil reserves in Syria have been affected by such conflicts. Companies also stop extracting these resources, which leads to a collapse of the economy. Any attempts by the government to hold on to these resources draws even more conflict and division.
With divisions in the military the country is left with an army that is dysfunctional. It has turned into an instrument for committing crimes against civilians and even preventing people from having an opinion. In the end, the national army is implicated in several theft, human rights violations, and extortion cases, which in most regions aren’t brought before the court.
Greed amongst the political class has brought about conflicts in democratic countries. While the hardworking taxpayers are contributing money for building up infrastructure and service provision, politicians might embezzle the funds leading to protests and eventually conflicts. As always, in democracies, there are pro-government and anti-government protesters who clash and when the situation is not corrected, it often leads to major conflicts.